City of London – Area Guide

London is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans.

The City of London

London’s finance industry is based in the City of London and Canary Wharf, the two major business districts in London. London is one of the pre-eminent financial centres of the world as the most important location for international finance.

List of areas

Tourism in London

London is one of the world’s leading tourism destinations, and the city is home to an array of famous tourist attractions. The city attracted 20.42 million international visitors in 2018, making it one of the world’s most visited in terms of international visits. It welcomed an additional 27.8 million overnighting domestic tourists in 2017, and had 280 million daytrippers in 2015

  • British Museum – 5.9 million visits
  • Tate Modern – 5.7 million
  • National Gallery – 5.2 million
  • Natural History Museum, London – 4.4 million
  • Victoria and Albert Museum – 3.7 million
  • Science Museum, London – 3.3 million
  • Southbank Centre – 3.2 million
  • Somerset House – 3.2 million
  • Tower of London – 2.8 million
  • Royal Museums Greenwich – 2.6 million

Transport in London

London has an extensive and developed transport network which includes both private and public services. Journeys made by public transport systems account for 37% of London’s journeys while private services accounted for 36% of journeys, walking 24% and cycling 2%. London’s public transport network serves as the central hub for the United Kingdom in rail, air and road transport.

Early public transport in London began with horse-drawn omnibus services in 1829, which were gradually replaced by the first motor omnibuses in 1902.The London Transport name continued in use until 2000, although the political management of transport services changed several times.

Metro and light rail

  • London Underground
  • Docklands Light Railway
  • Tramlink
  • Heavy rail
  • London Overground

Major routes

Due to the opposition to the Ringway plan and earlier proposals there are few grade-separated routes penetrating to the city centre. Only the western A40, northeastern A12 Leyton By-pass, eastern A13 and southeastern A2 are grade-separated for most of the way into central London. There is also the eastern A1203, a dual carriageway tunnel around the Docklands area, which directly links onto the A13.

Cycling in London

  • Over one million Londoners own bicycles but as of 2008 only around 2 per cent of all journeys in London are made by bike.
  • There are currently an estimated 480,000 cycle journeys each day in the capital.
  • Cycling was popular in London in the late 19th century especially during the Bike boom. The London Clarion Cycling Club formed in London in 1895.
  • London’s first segregated cycle track was introduced in 1934, between Hanger Lane and Greenford. Although the facility was well-used for cycling,  in 20th century.

Buses in London 

The London Bus is a London transportation system used for multiple decades.

  • Local buses
  • Night buses
  • Heritage routes
  • Tour buses
  • Long distance coaches
  • Airport buses
  • Electric Buses

Water transport

  • River Thames
  • Canals (the Regent’s Canal, the Grand Union Canal)
  • Cargo

Education

  • Tertiary education
  • Primary and secondary education

Radio stations in London

BBC Radio London 102.2 Jazz FM Absolute Radio
Blast Radio Centreforce Colourful Radio
Capital London Capital UK Capital XTRA
DRG London French Radio London Flex FM
Fun Kids Galaxy Digital Gaydio
Gold (radio network) Hayes FM Heart London
Insanity Radio 103.2FM 107.8 Radio Jackie K2K Radio
Kerrang! Radio Kiss (UK radio station) Kiss Fresh
Kisstory LBC Meridian Radio
NTS Radio Point Blank FM Rare FM
Resonance FM Rinse FM Radio West Middlesex
Westside 89.6FM

 

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